The student learns to reason correctly in the Logic stage so that they can now apply those skills to Rhetoric. Traditionally, students would read and emulate classical poets in learning how to present their arguments well. Secondary education, classically the quadrivium or "four ways," consist of arithmetic , geometry , music , and astronomy.
Using Technology to Homeschool with the Classical Method of Education
Arithmetic is Number in itself, which is a pure abstraction; that is, outside of space and time. Geometry is Number in space. Music is Number in time, and Astronomy is Number in space and time. History was always taught to provide a context and show political and military development. The classic texts were from ancient authors such as Herodotus , Thucydides , Livy , Cicero , and Tacitus.
Biographies were often assigned as well; the classic example being Plutarch 's Lives. Biographies help show how persons behave in their context, and the wide ranges of professions and options that exist. As more modern texts became available, these were often added to the curriculum.
In the Middle Ages , these were the best available texts. In modern terms, these fields might be called history , natural science , accounting and business , fine arts at least two, one to amuse companions, and another to decorate one's domicile , military strategy and tactics , engineering , agronomy , and architecture.
These are taught in a matrix of history, reviewing the natural development of each field for each phase of the trivium. That is, in a perfect classical education, the historical study is reviewed three times: first to learn the grammar the concepts, terms and skills in the order developed , next time the logic how these elements could be assembled , and finally the rhetoric, how to produce good, humanly useful and beautiful objects that satisfy the grammar and logic of the field.
History is the unifying conceptual framework, because history is the study of everything that has occurred before the present. A skillful teacher also uses the historical context to show how each stage of development naturally poses questions and then how advances answer them, helping to understand human motives and activity in each field. The question-answer approach is called the "dialectic method," and permits history to be taught Socratically as well. Classical educators consider the Socratic method to be the best technique for teaching critical thinking.
In-class discussion and critiques are essential in order for students to recognize and internalize critical thinking techniques. This method is widely used to teach both philosophy and law. It is currently rare in other contexts. Essentially, the teacher referees the students' discussions, asks leading questions, and may refer to facts, but never gives a conclusion until at least one student reaches that conclusion. The learning is most effective when the students compete strongly, even viciously in the argument, but always according to well-accepted rules of correct reasoning.
That is, fallacies should not be allowed by the teacher. By completing a project in each major field of human effort, the student can develop a personal preference for further education and professional training. Tertiary education was usually an apprenticeship to a person with the desired profession.
Using Technology to Homeschool with the Classical Method of Education - Techie Homeschool Mom
Most often, the understudy was called a "secretary" and had the duty of carrying on all the normal business of the "master. The early biographies of nobles show probably the ultimate form of classical education: a tutor. One early, much-emulated classic example is of this tutor system is of Alexander the Great , who was tutored by Aristotle. There exist a number of modern groups and professional organizations which take the classical approach to education seriously, and who undertake it in earnest.
Most classical Christian schools employ the trivium as three stages of learning which are linked to child development:.
What is a Classical Homeschooling Curriculum?
Classical Christian schools vary in their approach to the sectarian integration of Christian thinking. Some schools ask parents to sign a statement of faith before attending, some do not require this of parents but are clear in their sectarian teaching, others are consciously ecumenical.
- Classical Education and the Classical Approach.
- Homeschooling: Which Model Is Right for You?;
- Jump to What you're Looking For?
- Reader Interactions.
- Classical Homeschool Curriculum – Classical Conversations.
- Praying Without Ceasing.
These schools, primarily charter schools, also structure their curricula and pedagogy around the trivium and integrate the teaching of values sometimes called "character education" into the mainstream classroom without involving any particular religious perspectives. Norton, , is a modern reference on classical education, particularly in a homeschool setting. It provides a history of classical education, an overview of the methodology and philosophy of classical education, and annotated lists of books divided by grade and topic that list the best books for classical education in each category.
Mortimer Adler and Robert Hutchins , both of the University of Chicago set forth in the s to restore the "Great Books" of Western civilization to center stage in the curriculum. John's College is an example of this type of classical education at the college level. Although the standard classical works—such as the Harvard Classics —most widely available at the time, were decried by many as out of touch with modern times, Adler and Hutchins sought to expand on the standard "classics" by including more modern works, and by trying to tie them together in the context of what they described as the "Great Ideas," condensed into a "Syntopicon" index and bundled together with a new "five-foot shelf" of books as "The Great Books of the Western World.
Extensions to the original set are still being published, encompassing selections from both current and older works which extend the "great ideas" into the present age and other fields, including civil rights, the global environment, and discussions of multiculturalism and assimilation.
Classical education movement
A more traditional, but less common view of classical education arises from the ideology of the Renaissance, advocating an education grounded in the languages and literatures of Greece and Rome. The demanding and lengthy training period required for learning to read Greek and Latin texts in their original form has been crowded out in most American schools in favor of more contemporary subjects. The revival of "classical education" has resulted in Latin being taught at classical schools, but less often Greek.
A new group of schools, the Classical Latin School Association, does require Latin to be taught as a core subject. Such an approach—an education in the classics —differs from the usual approach of the classical education movement, but is akin to an education on "The Great Books" followed by St.
John's College. In India, the classical education system is based upon the study and understanding of the ancient texts the Vedas , a discipline called Vedanga , and subjects based upon that foundation, referred to as Upaveda and incorporating medicine Ayurveda , music, archery and other martial arts. Similarly, in China, the fulcrum of a classical education was the study and understanding of a core canon, the Four Books and Five Classics. She also said we should use more gentle ways of testing students, called narration. Rebbecca Devitt is a Christian homeschooling graduate and mother who loves homeschooling and is interested in the question, 'How Do I Homeschool?
Michelle Huddleston is an all-around expert in teaching, which was[ When I was studying medicine in , my professors implemented[ There's so many different homeschool curricula and technology out there[ Feel free to learn with me and join me on my journey! Pages How Do I Homeschool? Classical curriculum are popular among Christian homeschooling families, many of which choose them for their rigorous training in literature, theology, Latin and critical thinking.
What are the best curriculum packages around? All these curricula are Christian homeschooling curricula that promote a Christian worldview through the materials used and the text taught. Classical Conversations and Veritas Press seem to be more reformed and conservative, while it seems Memoria Press is written by Christians from different denominational backgrounds see section below on Memoria Press for more on this.
Classical Conversations is one of the best homeschooling programs on the market today. While CC is a mailable curriculum, the program is usually done in a co-op with other homeschooling parents. As such, children have the opportunity to talk about things they learn more and debate which is particularly important in the dialectic logic and rhetoric stages of classical education. They may find this more tricky when children reach older grades, however.
The other option is that you find a Classical Conversations community near you. This Christ-centered educational style which combines grammar, dialectic and rhetoric phases has proven immensely successful and has cultivated great Christian leaders throughout history. No matter which stance secular education takes, the Christian foundation will always be the focus of a Classical Conversations. Classical Conversations teaches K to Grade Children who are around age: 4 to 8 start in the Foundations course which is the Grammar stage of classical education.
See link for extra information on cost. Veritas Press Veritas Press is also one of the best classical homeschooling curricula on the market today. As the Grades advance, the prices also do. Features of this Classical Homeschooling Curriculum With Veritas , your children can: access online lessons and interact with teachers online choose to do self-paced courses and do live courses online. Memoria Press Memoria Press is also a great classical homeschooling curriculum on the market today. Features of this Classical Homeschooling Curriculum Memoria Press works as an offline platform where you purchase books which they send to you.
This is what the makers of this program said about it:. To be honest, it seems to be more like a book list than a full classical curriculum. It also has links to CDs, video games and flashcards. Because you have to buy all these resources, the cost would seem to be just as high as if you were buying one of the other classical curricula above.