This collection of shorter Alchemial Studies has special value as an introduction to Jung's work on alchemy. The first study, on Chinese alchemy, marked the beginning of his interest in the subject, and was originally published in a volume written jointly with Richard Wilhelm. The other four are now published for the first time completely in English. A privacy reminder from Google Review now I'll read this later.
Sign in. Hidden fields. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Routledge Amazon. Collected Works of C. Moses escorted a select group consisting of Aaron , Nadab and Abihu , and "seventy of the elders of Israel" to a location on the mount where they worshipped "afar off"  and they "saw the God of Israel" above a "paved work" like clear sapphire stone. And the L ORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tablets of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.
The mount was covered by the cloud for six days, and on the seventh day Moses went into the midst of the cloud and was "in the mount forty days and forty nights. After the full forty days, Moses and Joshua came down from the mountain with the tablets of stone : "And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.
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According to Jewish tradition, Exodus —17 constitutes God's first recitation and inscription of the ten commandments on the two tablets,  which Moses broke in anger with his rebellious nation, and were later rewritten on replacement stones and placed in the ark of the covenant ;  and Deuteronomy —25 consists of God's re-telling of the Ten Commandments to the younger generation who were to enter the Promised Land. The passages in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5 contain more than ten imperative statements, totalling 14 or 15 in all.
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Different religious traditions divide the seventeen verses of Exodus —17 and their parallels in Deuteronomy —21 into ten "commandments" or "sayings" in different ways, shown in the table below. Some suggest that the number ten is a choice to aid memorization rather than a matter of theology. The Ten Commandments concern matters of fundamental importance in Judaism and Christianity: the greatest obligation to worship only God , the greatest injury to a person murder , the greatest injury to family bonds adultery , the greatest injury to commerce and law bearing false witness , the greatest inter-generational obligation honour to parents , the greatest obligation to community truthfulness , the greatest injury to moveable property theft.
The Ten Commandments are written with room for varying interpretation, reflecting their role as a summary of fundamental principles. They do not specify punishments for their violation. Their precise import must be worked out in each separate situation. The Bible indicates the special status of the Ten Commandments among all other Torah laws in several ways:. The Ten Commandments form the basis of Jewish law ,  stating God's universal and timeless standard of right and wrong — unlike the rest of the commandments in the Torah, which include, for example, various duties and ceremonies such as the kashrut dietary laws, and now unobservable rituals to be performed by priests in the Holy Temple.
Philo , in his four-book work The Special Laws , treated the Ten Commandments as headings under which he discussed other related commandments. A conservative rabbi, Louis Ginzberg , stated in his book Legends of the Jews , that Ten Commandments are virtually entwined, that the breaking of one leads to the breaking of another.
Echoing an earlier rabbinic comment found in the commentary of Rashi to the Songs of Songs Ginzberg explained—there is also a great bond of union between the first five commandments and the last five. The first commandment: "I am the Lord, thy God," corresponds to the sixth: "Thou shalt not kill," for the murderer slays the image of God. The second: "Thou shalt have no strange gods before me," corresponds to the seventh: "Thou shalt not commit adultery," for conjugal faithlessness is as grave a sin as idolatry, which is faithlessness to God.
The third commandment: "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord in vain," corresponds to the eighth: "Thou shalt not steal," for stealing result in false oath in God's name. The fourth: "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy," corresponds to the ninth: "Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor," for he who bears false witness against his neighbor commits as grave a sin as if he had borne false witness against God, saying that He had not created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day the holy Sabbath.
The fifth commandment: "Honor thy father and thy mother," corresponds to the tenth: "Covet not thy neighbor's wife," for one who indulges this lust produces children who will not honor their true father, but will consider a stranger their father. The traditional Rabbinical Jewish belief is that the observance of these commandments and the other mitzvot are required solely of the Jewish people and that the laws incumbent on humanity in general are outlined in the seven Noahide laws , several of which overlap with the Ten Commandments.
In the era of the Sanhedrin transgressing any one of six of the Ten Commandments theoretically carried the death penalty , the exceptions being the First Commandment, honouring your father and mother, saying God's name in vain, and coveting, though this was rarely enforced due to a large number of stringent evidentiary requirements imposed by the oral law.
The arrangement of the commandments on the two tablets is interpreted in different ways in the classical Jewish tradition. Rabbi Hanina ben Gamaliel says that each tablet contained five commandments, "but the Sages say ten on one tablet and ten on the other", that is, that the tablets were duplicates.
According to the Talmud , the compendium of traditional Rabbinic Jewish law, tradition, and interpretation, one interpretation of the biblical verse "the tablets were written on both their sides",  is that the carving went through the full thickness of the tablets, yet was miraculously legible from both sides. The Mishna records that during the period of the Second Temple , the Ten Commandments were recited daily,  before the reading of the Shema Yisrael as preserved, for example, in the Nash Papyrus , a Hebrew manuscript fragment from — BCE found in Egypt, containing a version of the ten commandments and the beginning of the Shema ; but that this practice was abolished in the synagogues so as not to give ammunition to heretics who claimed that they were the only important part of Jewish law,   or to dispute a claim by early Christians that only the Ten Commandments were handed down at Mount Sinai rather than the whole Torah.
In later centuries rabbis continued to omit the Ten Commandments from daily liturgy in order to prevent a confusion among Jews that they are only bound by the Ten Commandments, and not also by many other biblical and Talmudic laws, such as the requirement to observe holy days other than the sabbath. Today, the Ten Commandments are heard in the synagogue three times a year: as they come up during the readings of Exodus and Deuteronomy, and during the festival of Shavuot.
In some traditions, worshipers rise for the reading of the Ten Commandments to highlight their special significance  though many rabbis, including Maimonides , have opposed this custom since one may come to think that the Ten Commandments are more important than the rest of the Mitzvot. In printed Chumashim , as well as in those in manuscript form, the Ten Commandments carry two sets of cantillation marks.
The ta'am 'elyon upper accentuation , which makes each Commandment into a separate verse, is used for public Torah reading, while the ta'am tachton lower accentuation , which divides the text into verses of more even length, is used for private reading or study. The verse numbering in Jewish Bibles follows the ta'am tachton. The Samaritan Pentateuch varies in the Ten Commandments passages, both in that the Samaritan Deuteronomical version of the passage is much closer to that in Exodus, and in that Samaritans count as nine commandments what others count as ten.
The Samaritan tenth commandment is on the sanctity of Mount Gerizim. The text of the Samaritan tenth commandment follows: . And it shall come to pass when the Lord thy God will bring thee into the land of the Canaanites whither thou goest to take possession of it, thou shalt erect unto thee large stones, and thou shalt cover them with lime, and thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this Law, and it shall come to pass when ye cross the Jordan, ye shall erect these stones which I command thee upon Mount Gerizim , and thou shalt build there an altar unto the Lord thy God, an altar of stones, and thou shalt not lift upon them iron, of perfect stones shalt thou build thine altar, and thou shalt bring upon it burnt offerings to the Lord thy God, and thou shalt sacrifice peace offerings, and thou shalt eat there and rejoice before the Lord thy God.
That mountain is on the other side of the Jordan at the end of the road towards the going down of the sun in the land of the Canaanites who dwell in the Arabah facing Gilgal close by Elon Moreh facing Shechem. Most traditions of Christianity hold that the Ten Commandments have divine authority and continue to be valid, though they have different interpretations and uses of them. During his Sermon on the Mount , Jesus explicitly referenced the prohibitions against murder and adultery.
In Matthew Jesus repeated five of the Ten Commandments, followed by that commandment called "the second" Matthew after the first and great commandment. And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good?
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He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. In his Epistle to the Romans , Paul the Apostle also mentioned five of the Ten Commandments and associated them with the neighbourly love commandment. Romans Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
In Roman Catholicism, Jesus freed Christians from the rest of Jewish religious law , but not from their obligation to keep the Ten Commandments.
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According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church —the official exposition of the Catholic Church 's Christian beliefs—the Commandments are considered essential for spiritual good health and growth,  and serve as the basis for social justice. After rejecting the Roman Catholic moral theology, giving more importance to biblical law and the gospel , early Protestant theologians continued to take the Ten Commandments as the starting point of Christian moral life. The Lutheran division of the commandments follows the one established by St.
Augustine , following the then current synagogue scribal division. The first three commandments govern the relationship between God and humans, the fourth through eighth govern public relationships between people, and the last two govern private thoughts. The Articles of the Church of England , Revised and altered by the Assembly of Divines, at Westminster , in the year state that "no Christian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the commandments which are called moral. By the moral law, we understand all the Ten Commandments taken in their full extent. The moral law contained in the Ten Commandments, according to the founder of the Methodist movement John Wesley , was instituted from the beginning of the world and is written on the hearts of all people.
Every part of this law must remain in force upon all mankind in all ages, as not depending either on time or place, nor on any other circumstances liable to change; but on the nature of God and the nature of man, and their unchangeable relation to each other" Wesley's Sermons , Vol. I, Sermon In keeping with Wesleyan covenant theology , "while the ceremonial law was abolished in Christ and the whole Mosaic dispensation itself was concluded upon the appearance of Christ, the moral law remains a vital component of the covenant of grace, having Christ as its perfecting end. The Ten Commandments are a summary of the requirements of a works covenant called the "Old Covenant" , given on Mount Sinai to the nascent nation of Israel.
In an October address, the Church president and prophet Thomas S. Monson taught "The Ten Commandments are just that—commandments.
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They are not suggestions. This and other sources  don't include the prologue, making it most consistent with the Septuagint numbering. The Revealing of the Tablets on which were the Commandments of God is described in the following verse:. And We wrote for him Moses on the Tablets the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation of all things and said : Hold unto these with firmness, and enjoin your people to take the better therein.
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I shall show you the home of Al-Fasiqun the rebellious, disobedient to Allah. The Tablets are further alluded to in verses , when Moses threw the Tablets down in anger at seeing the Israelites' worshipping of the golden calf, and in when he picked up the Tablets having recovered from his anger:. And when the anger of Musa Moses was appeased, he took up the Tablets, and in their inscription was guidance and mercy for those who fear their Lord.
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Three verses of Surah An'am are widely taken to be a reinstatement or revised version of the Ten Commandments     either as revealed to Moses originally or as they are to be taken by Muslims now: . Say: "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: 1 Join not anything in worship with Him; 2 And be good and dutiful to your parents; 3 And kill not your children because of poverty - We provide sustenance for you and for them; 4 And come not near to Al-Fawahish shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, adultery etc. This He has commanded you that you may understand. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear.
This He commands you, that you may remember. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqun the pious. Evidence for these verses having some relation to Moses and the Ten Commandments is from the verse which immediately follows them:. Then, We gave Musa Moses the Book, to complete Our Favour upon those who would do right, and explaining all things in detail and a guidance and a mercy that they might believe in the meeting with their Lord. Also in Mustadrak Hakim is the narration of Ubada ibn as-Samit :. He then said, "Whoever fulfills this pledge , then his reward will be with Allah, but whoever fell into shortcomings and Allah punishes him for it in this life, then that will be his recompense.
Whoever Allah delays his reckoning until the Hereafter, then his matter is with Allah.
If He wills, He will punish him, and if He wills, He will forgive him. Ibn Kathir mentions a narration of Abdullah ibn Mas'ud in his Tafsir :. The Abrahamic religions observe the Sabbath in various ways. In Judaism it is observed on Saturday reckoned from dusk to dusk. In Christianity , it is sometimes observed on Saturday , sometimes on Sunday, and sometimes not at all non-Sabbatarianism.